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Effects of Health Care Spending on the U.S. Economy

This report can be downloaded from the web:website Printer Friendly Version PDF Format. This document provides background data on US healthcare expenditure and their implications. This study summarizes the following results: [ Read more ] Recent years are particularly concerned with the increasing aggregate cost of healthcare. The focus was on identification and studying factors contributing to the economic growth and recommending policies to reduce the cost. Factors causing the spending increase include changes in healthcare utilization, demographics, inflation, and advancements in medicine.

Introduction

Health enhancement is a significant social priority since an excellent workforce improves skills, performance and efficiency. In addition, the human capital accumulation is an important determinant of economic development, because it influences the productivity of manufacturing and services(1). In this way, health is the key link between human capital accumulation and growth. Health conditions in countries can affect economic growth in many ways. Manufacturing and services are valuable in the context of incorporating expert knowledge, capital equipment, technical expertise and medicine in a public health context.

How the next president can stack the deck in favor of people's health and wealth in 2013?

In upcoming election results, the US population ranked the economy in a national poll. Public officials can influence a lot of these ballot boxes. More than 17 per tenth of US GDP goes toward healthcare - often conditions able to be prevented through public health interventions. But just over three per cent of the public health budget has been allocated for public health. In the United States, healthcare expenditure in the last 30 years jumped by five-fold from 60 to 60 per cent in the same period.

Why is healthcare good for the economy?

First of all, healthy people can improve economics and improve productivity of their lives. Better health is also associated with increased savings — because fewer people are concerned about future finances. Another link to healthcare in the economy is education.

How does lack of healthcare affect the economy?

The survey revealed that uninsured workers missed almost four times as much work compared to those with insurance. Health-induced productivity reductions could cost the United States $260 billion per annum.

Why is healthcare an economic issue?

The healthcare industry is facing critical challenges including the cost over-sold of ethical drugs, causing general price inflation in ethical drugs, and introducing new cost savings in operation which could help stabilize costs.

Health Insurance

There is thus a direct connection between health insurance premiums and wages: When the cost of providing health insurance to workers goes up, that leaves less money for things like wages and other benefits that come with employment.

Health Outcomes

The economy shapes the complex interactions among employment, health coverage and costs, as well as financial access to care and health outcomes. Available evidence indicates that, as in previous downturns, 1,2 few employers plan to drop health coverage or restrict employee eligibility.

Health Economics

A first step is to show that we can get more value for the money we're already spending—but that will mean doing more of some things and less of others. Focus on Value, not just Price Kate Baicker Professor of Health Economics The key is not spending less, but improving the value delivered through our health care system.

Health Insurance Coverage

Since 1988, the share of large employers offering retiree health benefits declined from 66 percent to 36 percent.  Retiree health insurance coverage has become a key factor in negotiations between employers and employees, and in bankruptcy proceedings.

Health Status

Households may also benefit from increased health spending through improved health status, increased access to care, wage and employment growth in the health care sector, and improved local economic activity. Improvements in health status may have a positive economic impact on households through increased productivity, reduced absenteeism, and enhanced independence.

Health Affairs

for conditions that could be prevented or better managed with public health interventions. Yet only 3 percent of the government's health budget is spent on public health measures. A 2012 study in Health Affairs notes that since 1960, U.S. health care spending has grown five times faster than GDP.

Poor Health

Health is an important factor in the productivity of workers, as poor health can impair performance and reduce the quality of the labor workforce ( 51 ). But this situation is reversed in developing countries where economic growth and economies are based on labor. Here, an increase in individuals' poor health will likely lead to a loss in labor workforce and productivity ( 4 , 16 ).

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Health Care Costs

People on the SNAP program are more obese, have more metabolic syndrome, and have more cardiac risk factors than people not on SNAP, adjusted for income. And their health care costs will be higher, which ends up costing taxpayers even more.

World Health Organization

According to the global health expenditure database in World Health Organization, healthcare expenditure as a percentage of GDP varied from 1.5 to 11.5 among Asian countries in 2017. In sum, previous studies investigated the impact of health on economic development in traditional time series models.

Health Care Utilization

Factors that contribute to spending growth encompass changes in health care utilization, population demographics, price inflation, and advances in medical technology. [1] This background paper focuses on a somewhat broader topichow health care spending impacts the economy of the United States.

Health Insurance Benefits

Companies with rising health care spending may cut other expenses, reduce wage increases, reduce health insurance benefits, or require employees to pay a greater share of the costs. As more costs are shifted to consumers, they will weigh the value of health care services will be more closely weighed against other purchases.

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Health and Economic Growth

In addition to this, we draw from several related studies in laying a strong foundation for our research. The relationship between health and economic growth has been examined extensively across multiple studies ( 11 – 16 ). Based on a study that examined the impact of health on economic growth in developing countries, it was evident that a decrease in birth rates positively affected economic growth ( 17 ).

Healthcare Costs

This is consistent with the analysis of hospital expenditure which also had no association with MFP. One can infer that that a change in healthcare costs does not affect the economic cycle. Figure 5 Relationship of personal healthcare costs with average hours per day spent on purchasing goods and services, and changes in multifactor productivity.

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